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An Interview with Dana Lone Hill

A powerful voice from Indian country, Dana Lone Hill recently released her first novel, “Pointing With Lips,” which is set on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Check back this fall for more information about our book contest and giveaway!! In the meantime, Dana granted us an interview to share with readers everywhere. This Lakota author is an enrolled member of the Oglala Sioux Tribe. Our Q&A follows.

Pub. by CreateSpace, www.createspace.com/4670234

Pub. by CreateSpace, www.createspace.com/4670234

1.  Dana, in your words, what is the book about?
Everyday life on the rez. Everyday struggles. Everyday laughter. Most media is about sadness. We as Indians get through the struggle with laughter. I want people to see that’s who we are, not the romanticized people of Hollywood or the pitiful stories the media portrays us as, but real people. 

2.  In an email you shared with me, “my heart wrote [the book].” Why do you say that?
First, when I wrote the book, I was incarcerated and awaiting sentencing. I thought to myself, “I’ve done these things, been a writer, and got my voice out there. I am known reservation-wide.” Yet, I was sitting in jail, and thinking, “I’m not going down like this. This is not who I am as a Lakota woman. I have so much I am capable of because I am a Lakota woman and came up around strong Lakota women.” I knew that as soon as I hit freedom, I was going to get my voice out there, and I have.

Second, the family in the book is not my family specifically. They are a family I made up and love. They exist in my heart.

3.  How much of the book is based on real life experience?   
It’s all fiction. A few things in the book are real-life experiences, similarities to certain people or certain stories but not a lot.

Some parts of it are not sugarcoated; they are things that need to be out there so people understand they happen in this day and age. For example, the story about alcoholism is out there already. However, what is not out there is how It impacts 100% of the reservation. Somehow, some way, everyone is impacted (either someone died, went to prison, or is sick from it). No one raises their hand to say they were impacted by abuse connected to alcohol. Things like that have repercussions for the rest of your life. I wanted to touch base on the children, what happens to them because of the alcoholism, because they are our children, “wakanyeja” (gift from God).

4.  What are the most important Lakota aspects you bring into the book?
I think some of the things are that we never forget where we came from and how grateful we are to still be here.

We have to know our history in order to move forward. Our Elders tell us all the time what happened to them or their Elders. We can’t forget our history or get over it. It’s about going forward from it. We’re still here. My kids hear that every day.

I also included in the book a lot of real-life historical points, such as the Black Hills gold issue, the beginning of the AIM Wounded Knee occupation, and the boarding school issue. These things are significant in Lakota history and today.

5. Are there aspects specific to life on Pine Ridge that you hope readers will “get”?
I hope they realize what a wonderful people we are. I am not Sincere – the main character. A lot of people confuse me with her (the smiles, the quips), but she is fictional and stronger than I am. Maybe Sincere is who I would want to be.

6.  What is your favorite part of the book?
My favorite part is when the family has their cookout, as dramatic as it was. They had a lot of drama. And I’ve been to cookouts like that.

Another favorite part would be Sincere’s realization of what she needs to do.

7.  What was the hardest part of the book for you to write, and why? 
The hardest part to write was Sincere’s flashback of when she was a little girl at a party. Although what happened to Sincere didn’t happen to me, I remember being at parties and feeling fear. I took a week off from writing that part.

8.  How different would this book be for Native American and non-Native readers?
Native Americans from back home and from other reservations are supportive, because I’m not hiding anything about life on the rez. I might exaggerate a little bit but I’m not hiding anything.

Non-Native reviews are good too in the sense of understanding what we go through on a daily basis. These readers learn more about how we live and that we know how to live in a poor world.

By writing the book, my dream came true. One message I hope people get is that we know how to live when we are poor, so let’s use that same hustle to move us forward. Jayson Brave Heart first brought up the hustle to me.

9.  What do you most want readers to know about you?
Above all else, I am a mom with four children (three sons and a daughter).

I also want people to know that hundreds of people stay on the reservation and try to make it a better place. I have cousins and friends there and nothing but respect for them. They are wonderful people and the most supportive of everybody.

10.  What suggestions do you have for other first-time novelists on or off the rez?
Just never give up!!

I used to write when no one read me. I wrote for myself. I had a blog and slowly people started reading it. I wrote on napkins and anything I could get ahold of just to keep going.

Dana Lone Hill

Dana Lone Hill

*** Author’s Bio:
Dana Lone Hill is an enrolled member of the Oglala Lakota Sioux tribe from the Pine Ridge Reservation. Her award-winning weekly column, “Rez in The City,” chronicles life off the reservation and in urban America. Dana currently lives in Red Wing, MN. Be sure to check out her blog and follow her on Twitter at @justarezchick.

Books by Dana Lone Hill:

  • “Pointing With Lips” is a fictional work available for purchase at https://www.createspace.com/4670234. You can also buy it at the Sioux Nation Shopping Center in South Dakota, telephone 605-867-5183.
  • A sequel to “Pointing With Lips” is coming out around Christmas this year.
  • “Hangover Soup” is a compilation of short stories co-authored by Dana and Jayson Brave Heart. It is coming out in 2015.

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Redskins Trademark: #ProudToBe

In an effort to spread a better understanding of Native Americans and why a name change is appropriate for the Washington Redskins, the Change the Mascot campaign in association with the National Congress of American Indians broadcasted the powerful “Proud to Be” video to televisions across the country during the recent NBA Finals.

With the Washington Redskins’ kick-off of their first pre-season game just days away, things may appear to be business as usual. Yet, Dan Snyder, the team’s owner, has received continued political pressure to change the team’s mascot and change the name.

http://bit.ly/NFLteam

http://bit.ly/NFLteam

In June 2014, the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office found the name Redskins disparaging of Native Americans and cancelled the team’s trademark. The ruling stems from a 2006 case brought against the NFL by five Native American representatives of four different tribes.

In spite of the federal decision to cancel the Redskins trademark, a genuine name change will only come about by a unified effort from all people. An ESPN SportsNation poll found that among 206,534 voters only 36% favored a name change for the Washington team.

Change the Mascot is asking all people to be a part of this movement for change. It doesn’t matter whether or not you are Native American. Racism affects us all. Check out “What are you #ProudToBe” and the Twitter stream #NotYourMascot to see current opinions and to get involved.

Through the appeal of the trademark cancellation and the recently launched public relations site, Redskins Facts, it is clear Dan Snyder is as reluctant as ever to change the name. Conversely, it is unclear what the trademark ruling will ultimately mean for the Washington team. ESPN reports the following:

    By E. Stutzman, pub at http://bit.ly/Nativestereotypes

    By E. Stutzman, pub at http://bit.ly/Nativestereotypes

  • First, the ruling doesn’t mean the name has to be changed. In fact, the team could continue using the name, “but it would lose a significant portion of its ability to protect the financial interests connected to it.”
  • Second, the team’s logo is still protected under trademark laws.
  • Third, the Washington team has appealed the court’s decision, meaning the name will remain trademarked until an appeal decision is reached; this could take years.

Yet, there is hope. Outside of the political arena, we as a nation are far from agreed on a name change and this controversy is far from over for the Washington Redskins. Considering all of this, the 2014-2015 football season should be an interesting one.

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Native American Film Series: “Tiger Eyes”

“Life is a good adventure…”  Mr. Ortiz

In an unspecified place and time a young woman frantically runs. Her internal monologue, the first line in the “Tiger Eyes” film of 2012 speaks out, “I wonder what it’s like to be dead…”

Cut to morning on the beach in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Somewhere in town the young woman and her mother, donned in black, hurriedly finishing dressing. For the young woman, Davey Wexler (Willa Holland), this is the day of her father’s funeral as well as an uncertain new beginning.

Shortly after the funeral, Davey and her family relocate to Los Alamos, New Mexico to stay with her aunt and uncle. Despite the answers waiting for Davey in the mountain landscapes, the aunt and uncle challenge the loving freedom she knew when her father was alive. Still, they can’t stop a wounded heart in need of healing.

On a bike ride one afternoon, Davey wonders out to the edge of the wilderness. After a short fall down a rocky cliff face, in a mixture of physical and emotional pain, Davey desperately cries out for her father. A local climber, Martin “Wolf” Ortiz (Tatanka Means),wanders out of the wilderness to Davey’s aid.

Wolf and his father, the terminally ill Mr. Ortiz (Russell Means), are Native American descendants of the ancient cave dwellers that once flourished in the region. Until his illness, the father and son would climb the ancient cliff faces discovering their connection to the past, each other and the earth.

Book cover pub. at http://bit.ly/JudyBlume-TigerEyes

Book cover pub. at http://bit.ly/JudyBlume-TigerEyes

As Davey builds relationships with Mr. Ortiz and Wolf, she develops her own relationship and connection to all things. Through them, she begins to understand that time isn’t linear… that past, present and future all touch one another… and that Wolf appearing when she is missing her father the most is no coincidence. As the medicine man in this film expresses, no one person is alone. Although our lives on this earth are impermanent, we live on through our connection to the universe. Our ancestors make themselves known through other people and the world around us.

Perhaps the greatest strength in life comes not from the holding on, but the letting go. Despite the unstoppable force of loss in our lives, through our pain we desperately hold on to what we once knew. For Davey Wexler in the film adaptation of the 1981 novel “Tiger Eyes” by Judy Blume, learning to let go after loss is the greatest lesson – and we see through Davey, Wolf, and Mr. Ortiz that letting go doesn’t mean losing our connection to anyone.

*** Note to readers: I hope you enjoyed my series on films made by Native Americans about Native Americans and using Native actors. This is my last entry in the series. But, if there is another film you’d like me to write about, please post a comment to let me know.

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Native Chiefs & Leaders: Black Elk

Black Elk teaching with rosary (Indian Sentinel, pub at http://bit.ly/BlackElk_Rosary)

Black Elk teaching with rosary (Indian Sentinel, pub at http://bit.ly/BlackElk_Rosary)

Black Elk was revered as a holy man and healer of the Oglala Lakota Sioux. Born in 1863 in Wyoming near the Powder River Basin, he grew up in the traditional Lakota ways and was a second cousin to Crazy Horse. The family of Black Elk followed Crazy Horse around the western plains, as the wars between the United States and the Sioux engulfed many tribes. Black Elk was witness to many historic battles throughout the West, such as the Fetterman Battle and the Battle of the Little Bighorn where Custer and his men were defeated.

Experiencing so much of the struggle and hardship among his people as the United States worked to annihilate the Native Americans from the West, Black Elk relied on his visionary nature and his ability to see what was true and right in order to help his people. Upon using his senses as a holy man to see where his people were headed when conditions became more and more hopeless. Black Elk stated, “And while I stood there I saw more than I can tell and I understood more than I saw; for I was seeing in a sacred manner the shapes of all things in the spirit, and the shape of all shapes as they must live together like one being.”

Black Elk understood that all of us as humans must come to the understanding that we are the same, and there is no reason that we should not be at peace with one another in order to flourish – in order for all things on this earth to flourish.

After the Little Bighorn, Black Elk fled to Canada but then returned to Wounded Knee. He experienced much of the ugly realities of early reservation life, such as no food, inferior shelter, meager provisions and uncaring superintendents. This was how the reservations were before the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. Black Elk was also dismayed at the disorder and lack of harmony that existed in the world during his lifetime. He experienced the atrocities that the U.S. committed against his people simply because they were Native American. Recalling with great distress his memory of the Wounded Knee Massacre, Black Elk said,

“I did not know then how much was ended. When I look back now from this high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heapen and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with eyes still young. And I can see that something else died there in the bloody mud, and was buried in the blizzard. A peoples dream died there. It was a beautiful dream. . . .the nations hoop is broken and scattered. There is no center any longer, and the sacred tree is dead.”

We are fortunate enough to know about many of the traditional Lakota ways through the book titled “Black Elk Speaks.” In this, Black Elk tells of his life and the vast sweep of life on the Plains for the Oglala Lakota in the latter part of the 1800s, when the Sioux Wars were ending and the U.S. was working in earnest to destroy the traditional ways of life for Native Americans.

Lakota values relevant and essential to us all

Lakota values relevant and essential to us all

In summary, Black Elk spoke to the extensive hope that an entire population had for the way of life they had known for centuries. Their way of life was vital to the way they approached the world, gave them balance and gave meaning to almost everything on the earth… the earth as a center, themselves as a center, that center that exists in all of us.

As a Native American myself, I feel that heartbeat when I hear the drums at powwow… that innate sense of my circle and who I am. And, I see who I am and who I was – that intangible connection to my ancestors through the tangible traditions that are alive today.

I think that is why Black Elk’s life and teachings through his words are so very important – because they give insight to the world around us, that center. This helps me to walk in two worlds, the world of my Native relatives and the world of my non-Native relatives.  And really, Black Elk’s life speaks to Lakota values that we can all find relevant, essential actually:  Generosity, Kinship, Fortitude and Wisdom. Each of these runs much deeper than their simple definition. Each is essential to finding that peace and balance and a life unlimited that Black Elk yearned for his people, and for all people.

*** Footnote to readers:  I hope you’ve enjoyed all six of my topics on Native American Chiefs & Leaders. This is my last entry in the series. However, if there is a particular leader you would like me to write about, please post a comment to let me know.

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Assayii Lake Fire: Over but Ongoing

After burning nearly 15,000 acres in the Chuska Mountains on the Navajo Reservation, the Assayii Lake wildfire is “over.” This land on the NM-AZ border and 60 miles northeast of Window Rock is the home and livelihood of the people who live there. Navajo Nation officials called this “one of the worst wildfires in known history on their land” affecting traditional grazing lands and threatening generational homes.

Pub. by KOB.com at http://bitl.y/AssayiiLakeFire

Pub. by KOB.com at http://bitl.y/AssayiiLakeFire

As of June 18, the Assayii Lake fire was 0% contained and winds were gusting 50 mph. On the Navajo Reservation:

  • 50 residences were threatened and two tribal communities were being evacuated: Sheep Springs and Naschitti, NM
  • 4 Navajo Nation structures were destroyed
  • Newcomb, Tohatchi and Crystal Lake communities were also being affected
  • The American Red Cross and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) were cooperating on the incident, and nearly 700 personnel were working to bring the fire under control.
  • Command Posts were being set up at the Newcomb and Shiprock Chapter Houses, the Newcomb Middle School, and the Tohatchi High School for displaced and affected persons

As a first responder for the reservations, NRC was working through numerous Program Partners and community leaders, who were in turn working with evacuees and displaced families as well as volunteers and firefighters. A semi and two box trucks departed National Relief Charities in Phoenix on June 19 to deliver products for those in need. These shipments went to the Navajo Nation at their central location in Fort Defiance, AZ (near Window Rock). We also transported supplies and provisions to the Crystal Chapter as well as the Gallup Humane Society.

These supplies included about $400,000 worth of basic necessities requested by our Program Partners such as boxes of non-perishable food; water and beverages; emergency blankets; toilet paper and paper towels; personal hygiene products such as toothpaste, toothbrushes and lotions; cleaning supplies; face masks; and surgical gloves. We wish to acknowledge our partners here:

  • Rose Whitehair, Navajo Nation Dept. of Emergency Management
  • David Randolph, Newcomb Chapter President
  • Jacey McCurtain, President of the Crystal Chapter
  • John Brooks at Tohatchi High School and Lucinda Barney at the Tohatchi Chapter
  • Tony Watchman at Ft. Defiance Chapter
  • Terry Begay at Shiprock Chapter

As of June 30, 2014, the Assayii Lake fire was 100% contained and the BIA was ensuring that all the embers were “dead out” and posing no risk to life, land or livestock. We are grateful for this, but we also have to acknowledge that in some ways the fire is ongoing. As with any wildfire or disaster, public attention seems to wane once the immediate threat has passed – but the aftermath and the work of recovery continue for weeks and sometimes months. And so our hearts go out to these communities, their leaders, and our partners who work so tirelessly to care for the people.

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National Powwow XVI in Review

Chris Bryant, Chairman of the National Powwow Committee, says this gathering is not about something from the past, that American Indian culture is very alive today and people can see this at National Powwow. We certainly did. There were various dances and specials in the arena; outdoor and indoor areas with traders selling jewelry, silver, blankets and other crafts; a tipi village; activities for the children; and more.

AIEF scholarship recipient graduating from college (Navajo)

AIEF scholarship recipient graduating from college (Navajo)

I personally attended the powwow all four days and, along with our team in the AIEF booth, shared many visits with Natives and non-Natives alike. Although people were there to enjoy the dancers, shop for jewelry and crafts with the vendors, and generally experience American Indian culture, some of the visitors also had more on their minds. What struck me the most was the genuine care of people toward American Indians and their appreciation for the work of our AIEF program. Here are just a few examples:

  • One advocate who has donated both time and money to assist the Navajo said that he really appreciates it when organizations like [AIEF] get out there to really help people.
  • One couple was cognizant of a very real need for assistance on the reservations but was unaware of NRC or our AIEF program. I learned they had been looking for an organization that does what it says it will do, i.e., use a donation for education or other services as intended by a donor. Happily, I could assure them that more than 70% of donations go toward our programs each year (compared to the industry standard of 65%) and that 95% of Native students receiving AIEF scholarships complete the college year (compared to a national average of 21%).
  • Equally important, an Apache woman said she wished there had been a program around like AIEF when she was going to school. Working with our AIEF program, mentoring our scholarship students, and knowing that we shaped our AIEF services around Native American culture, challenges and norms, I took this to be both insightful and a message of hope to indigenous students throughout the U.S.

I appreciate the committee putting on the National Powwow every three years and NRC being a premier sponsor of the gathering this year. And I really enjoyed meeting all of you who visited our booth and shared your hearts with us. Thank you for your mindfulness and care.

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National Powwow XVI

The Historic National Powwow - AIEF banner adMany powwows are widely known and attended by dancers and visitors from throughout the United States. One such event is the National Powwow, (NPW), which is being held in Danville, IN this year from July 3-6.

Running every third year since 1969 and organized by an all-volunteer committee, the mission of this historically long-running powwow is to respectfully share in the values of American Indian culture, while increasing awareness of American Indian traditions among the non-Native community.

NPW’s mission goes hand in hand with the public education efforts conducted by National Relief Charities – information we share to promote a more accurate history and modern-day portrayal of Native American peoples.

In keeping with this commitment, we are proud to be a premier sponsor of the National Powwow this year. A team from our AIEF program will be onsite during the four-day event to support the event, promote scholarships for Native American students and visit with many of our donors from the surrounding area. We invite all who attend to stop by our booth at Spot #40. For more information, please check out the powwow press release.

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Obama’s Vision for Standing Rock & Native Youth

… [Native American] children deserve a world-class education too, that prepares them for college and careers. And that means returning control of Indian education to tribal nations with additional resources and support so that [tribes] can direct [their] children’s education and reform schools here in Indian Country. – President Barack Obama at Standing Rock

Obama's Promise - SD Bulk Dist folder - 51 BThis promise Obama made for Native youth is more of a vision. He and the First Lady spent a lot of time listening to Standing Rock youth, hearing about their challenges and their victories. Obama voiced the desire to strengthen education and job opportunities so that everyone in America, including Native America, has a fair chance to work hard and get ahead. He also made it a point to remember Native American veterans and their contributions to the United States.

President Obama acknowledged that “throughout history, the United States often didn’t give the nation to nation relationship the respect that it deserved.” He emphasized he is working hard to respect tribal sovereignty and uphold treaty obligations in a spirit of partnership, touching on these strides he has made thus far in behalf of tribes:

  • Settlement of long-standing claims related to mineral rights (Cobell) and loans to Native American farmers and ranchers (Keepseagle)
  • Access to affordable healthcare for Native Americans (Obamacare)
  • Strengthening the sovereignty of tribal courts in prosecuting violence against women (VAWA)

Obama's Promise - AIRC-Breakfast 12-Shayanne Blue Thunder (RO)Owner and Editor of the Lakota Country Times attended Obama’s Standing Rock visit in Cannon Ball, ND, along with 1800 tribal members and friends, as the President attended a Flag Day celebration and greeted the crowd in Lakota language. I am only sorry that I cannot link to her story, but the Times is a subscription-only newspaper.

In the story Vi Waln cites Tribal Chairman Archambault of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe as saying “no other Presidents come close to the honesty and compassion [Obama] has shown for our tribal nations.”

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Native Chiefs & Leaders: Crazy Horse

TV screenshot of sketch deemed accurate by Crazy Horse’s sister, © PBS History Detective, pub. at http://bit.ly/CrazyHorseSketch

TV screenshot of sketch deemed accurate by Crazy Horse’s sister, © PBS History Detective, pub. at http://bit.ly/CrazyHorseSketch

I was thinking about Crazy Horse and what he meant to his people. And what he meant to those he was fighting against. The answer is not simple. There are shrouds of mystery about this man who never had his photograph taken. His year of birth is not agreed upon but occurred sometime around 1842. His death on September 5, 1877 was also shrouded in some mystery as to the circumstances.

What is known with a great deal of surety is that Crazy Horse was revered not just by his own people, but also by chiefs and leaders from other tribes as well as the United States Army. The reasons behind this reverence are complex. Other tribes both feared and respected Crazy Horse as a warrior. The U.S. Army saw him as a threat and a formidable foe.

But, what lies at the base of this is a man, a human being that wanted simply to live as his ancestors had lived… in peace and harmony with the land and tied to the earth and tied to each other through their culture.

Crazy Horse is described as “a gentle warrior, a true brave, who stood for the highest ideal of the Sioux.” He was not a rash, hotheaded warrior who wanted revenge at every possible turn. Rather, he was a warrior and a leader that wanted the best for his people. He wanted to correct a wrong. He simply wanted U.S. officials to observe their obligations with integrity and honesty and treat the Native Americans as equals.

However, his actions on June 25, 1876 have garnered the most attention toward Crazy Horse. For on this day, he defeated General George Armstrong Custer and his 209 men at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. With Crazy Horse as a pivotal leader in that fight, Custer and his men were annihilated. His outstanding offensive tactics have been studied ever since and this battle between the U.S. and Native Americans is one of the most studied in military history.

It may surprise you to know that Crazy Horse was not looking for a fight that day – he simply reacted to the aggressive push of General Custer and his men toward his encampment. Crazy Horse was a man trying to move his people to safety and to live a life unencumbered by the incessant incursion of European settlers. His propensity for thoughtful resolve in times of stress is highlighted in these words of Crazy Horse:

All we wanted was peace and to be left alone. Soldiers came and destroyed our villages. Then Long Hair (Custer) came…They say we massacred him, but he would have done the same to us. Our first impulse was to escape but we were so hemmed in we had to fight.

In closing, I want to leave you with these thoughts:  Crazy Horse never signed a peace treaty. He never allowed his picture to be taken. He was never boastful or rash in his manner. He was a leader that led by example, always fighting alongside those in whom he worked to instill hope and never backing down from an opportunity to right a wrong. In short, Crazy Horse was what a great many of us strive to be, a person doing their humble best for their families, their community, and themselves.  Crazy Horse wanted to live a traditional life in a tumultuous time of upheaval. He did it the best way he could, given the times and the situation.

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President Obama Visits the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

We can be proud of the progress we’ve made together. But we need to do more, especially on jobs and education. Native Americans face poverty rates far higher than the national average – nearly 60 percent in some places. And the dropout rate of Native American students is nearly twice the national rate. These numbers are a moral call to action. As long as I have the honor of serving as President, I’ll do everything I can to answer that call. – President Barack Obama

This week President Obama and the First Lady are visiting the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and reservation that spans the borders of North Dakota and South Dakota. This makes him the third leader ever to visit a Native American reservation in their official capacity as President of the United States.

President Obama - A New Day - MedicineWheelCMYKNational Relief Charities has partnerships with more than 40 tribal programs on the Standing Rock Reservation. Like all of our Program Partners, they are motivated and working for grassroots change. We wish for them and their communities a meaningful visit with the President and robust returns.

The last time a U.S. President visited Indian country was when President Clinton toured the Pine Ridge Reservation in July 1999 and the Navajo Nation in April 2000. After that, no President visited a reservation for more than 75 years. In the 1920s, President Roosevelt visited Pine Ridge.

For decades, the Pine Ridge Reservation located in Shannon County, SD topped the list of poorest counties in the United States. As of 2012, it ranked number three according to MSN Money, and Ziebach County on the Cheyenne River Reservation ranked as the poorest. Cheyenne River is also in South Dakota.

President Obama - Social JusticePresident Obama says his trip to Cannon Ball, ND is all about the poverty Native Americans face. He hopes to hear from tribal leaders as well as Native youth about successes and challenges they face daily. On June 5, 2014, President Obama wrote in Indian Country Today Media Network that he will “announce new initiatives to expand opportunity in Indian country by growing tribal economies and improving Indian education.”

President Obama acknowledges “the history of the United States and tribal nations is filled with broken promises.” However, he believes the U.S. has turned a corner, upholding agreements with tribal nations, respecting tribal sovereignty, and giving indigenous peoples a fair chance at the American Dream. Still, when it comes down to making the tough decisions about funding, federal shutdown, and sequestration, or projects such as the Keystone XL Pipeline, issues of tribal sovereignty and treaty funding seem to become less clear. Let’s hope this really is a new day that advances tribal self-determination and economies so that every Native American can share in the bounty of America.

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